Canadian and American immigration started off as similar, with both excluding non-white immigrants and only welcoming immigrants from Western European countries. But since then, these countries’ immigration laws have become opposites. Canada now has a reputation as a welcoming country to immigrants. But in the United States, immigration has become a more dividing issue. Canada prefers immigrants who are going to help grow the countries economy, while the United States gives more green cards to immigrants who have relatives in the States. The economist published an article by E.G. Austin where he talked about The United Sates v Canada and why they have differing views on immigration.
Why the different views on Immigration?
Unlike the United States, only a third of Canadians believe immigration is more of a problem than an opportunity. Canadians are rather concerned about “brain waste,” they want to ensure that high-skilled immigrants who can offer something to their country are welcome. They believe that immigrants actually create jobs and not steal them from natives. Immigrants are also net contributors, which is good for the economy. They also see multiculturalism as an important factor of national identity. Another reason that allows Canada to be so welcoming is that they need population growth because it has such a small population compared to the US. And why not fill your country with high-skilled members of society?
How do they choose these skilled immigrants?
Canada launched a program called ‘Express Entry,’ a tool that makes it easier for potential immigrants to acquire permanent residency. This type of entry is available to high-skilled workers and international students. Prospective immigrants have to fill out an online profile with their personal information, and government workers peruse their profiles and determine who is eligible. To be eligible you must have prior job experience—and a job offer to enter the country, and for students, you must have graduated 12 months prior, you must have experience in speaking English and/or French, and proof of funds showing you have enough money to support yourself and your family upon arrival. (www.cic.gc.ca)
I do agree with a lot of the things the Austin brought up in the article. You never hear someone in the United Sates advocate for immigration on the basis of that it adds to the social construct of the country. The United States should be more open to high-skilled immigrants; they are good for the economy. Although there are some factors that make it difficult for States to change up their immigration laws, it is not impossible. Take some notes, America.